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History and evolution of artificial intelligence

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The evolution of artificial intelligence has been one of the great advances of humanity, thanks to the development of artificial intelligence methods and algorithms together with machine learning and deep learning.

Artificial intelligence brings great value to the business environment, greatly improving the efficiency, precision, and quality of the various operations that can be managed. And this implies many changes in the most common areas, such as operations, marketing, and finance, among others. Marking an important influence in scientific and technological activities.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial intelligence is the ability of a machine to present the same capacities as human beings, such as reasoning, learning, creativity, and the ability to plan.

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AI allows technological systems to perceive their environment, relate to it, solve problems and act with a specific purpose. The machine receives the data, prepared in advance or collected via its sensors, such as a camera, processes it, and responds to it.

These AI systems can adapt their behavior to a certain extent, analyze the effects of previous actions and work autonomously, as we have seen in previous articles.

What advantages can AI bring us?

Some smart technologies have been around for more than 50 years, but advances in computing power, the availability of huge amounts of data, and new algorithms have enabled huge AI advances in recent years.

Among the advantages of AI in this environment we can name:

Precision 

An application based on artificial intelligence is capable of providing greater precision than a human being, in industrial environments, machines can make decisions, which are previously chosen manually, in turn, greatly reducing the failures caused by human limitations.

Automation 

It allows artificial intelligence to perform different types of tasks repetitively and optimize automatically and without human intervention.

In addition, artificial intelligence can bring great changes to a company, such as:

  • Reduction of the time spent in data analysis and the exploitation of data derived from production
  • Constant and automatic maintenance
  • Maintenance of industrial equipment together with the operating conditions of said equipment, increasing its performance
  • Improved decision-making at the business level
  • Control and optimization of production processes and production lines
  • Increased productivity and production quality 

As we can see, through the use of AI, our company manages to achieve more efficient and error-free processes, not only increasing productivity at the machinery level but also increasing worker productivity and optimizing production processes.

Artificial intelligence in the field of medicine

Artificial intelligence is used in many fields, but let’s now see how it has allowed us to help and improve results in medicine.

Thanks to the use of artificial intelligence in medicine, machines can evaluate and analyze patient data to carry out tasks normally carried out by a human being.

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The technology has important relevance in the field of medicine thanks to the analysis of medical data to improve management, and implement a better diagnosis given the ability of AI to detect health patterns, speeding up the solution to medical problems.

Given the high processing capacity of artificial intelligence, it is possible to make medical diagnoses with greater precision and detect pathologies with small margins of error.

Let us now see how AI can help us in a field as delicate as health:

Image analysis

When performing and analyzing different medical tests, both resonances and patient studies, AI can process and analyze large amounts of data in a short period.

With this in mind, radiologists can make better patient treatment decisions by analyzing medical images, aided by machine learning.

This will allow the radiologist to improve the quality of the information and perform a better analysis of the patient.

The increasing use of artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies in the medical field is improving data collection and the resulting reports, helping both doctors and patients.

This visualization of images is really useful for pregnancies, during pregnancy, the vision of the fetus is much greater. This allows, together with a detailed analysis of the data, to comfortably obtain large amounts of data on the state of the pregnancy in real-time.

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Development of new drugs

With the effectiveness of Machine Learning and Deep Learning, it has been possible to develop new drugs, thanks to these technologies, computational processes are created to make predictions for already established drugs or about less common diseases.

But not only that, but it is also possible to check, through the use of neural networks, the possible side effects of drugs, without having to carry out tests in reality, simulating patterns and effects on humans.

Medical diagnoses

This is another of the most interesting applications since thanks to artificial intelligence the data can be analyzed to make accurate and early diagnoses.

Its usefulness in this aspect is beyond any doubt, especially for diseases that develop very quickly, such as some degenerative pathologies or certain types of cancer.

Genetics 

Another of the great applications of artificial intelligence is genetics. Through facial recognition, it is possible to detect rare diseases and genetic disorders, and in turn, researchers can analyze genetic sequences to develop or find suitable vaccines or solutions for different cases and patients.

Artificial intelligence in the field of leisure

It is important to note that research on artificial intelligence parallels research on the functioning of the human brain.

Neuroscience allows AI research to advance, but at the same time, it allows a better understanding of how the human brain works, which, in turn, has an impact on the introduction of AI improvements.

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In this sense, Artificial Intelligence can become the true differential for companies in the leisure and entertainment sector.

Thanks to AI, they can anticipate trends to optimize the offer, understand customer demands in real-time, and offer services through new channels, based on prior analysis of user purchasing behavior and their assessment of the experience.

The data produced by these users provide brands with very valuable information about their behavior. This produces a rapprochement with them; one of the great advantages offered by Artificial Intelligence for this sector.

Other applications of artificial intelligence

AI is intended to transform almost all aspects of life and the current economy. Let us see below other examples of the possible applications of this technology in our day to day:

Transportation 

Artificial intelligence could improve the safety, speed, and efficiency of rail traffic, for example by minimizing wheel friction, maximizing speed, and enabling autonomous driving.

Manufacturing 

Artificial intelligence can help producers become more efficient and empower their factories by using robots, optimizing sales journeys, or timely predictions of needed maintenance or breakdowns in well-known smart factories.

Food and agriculture

AI can be used to build a sustainable food system: it could ensure healthier food by minimizing the use of fertilizers and pesticides, improving productivity, and reducing environmental impact.

In addition, the robots could remove weeds and reduce the use of herbicides.

Many farmers are already using AI to control the movement, temperature, and feed consumption of their herds.

Public administration and services

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Public Administrations, by using huge amounts of data and recognizing patterns, thanks to AI, could anticipate natural disasters, allow adequate preparation, and reduce their consequences.

Below, we leave you the link to one of the latest studies carried out by the European Parliament on artificial intelligence, its importance, and its future.

David Villanueva – Software Technician at Itequia